The Price of Half-Freedom: Manuel de Gerrit de Reus; Enslaved, Condemned, Pardoned and Freed, 1641-1644

September 15 – December 22, 2022

Works by Jean-Marc Superville Sovak

The Price of Half-Freedom is the story of the first free Black residents in what was to become New York and the events that led to their emancipation: a murder, a trial, and a failed execution.
I believe the story of Manuel de Gerrit de Reus exemplifies the kind of Black solidarity and Black resistance worthy of our memorialization.”
– Jean-Marc Superville Sovak
Photos by Cary Whittier