Social Sciences, Human Services and Criminal Justice
Michael W. Raphael, MPhil, MSCJ is a sociologist, professor, and author. His research and teaching interests are concerned with fundamental questions about intelligibility in politics, identity, and society.
Law & Society; Deviance & Social Control; Medical Sociology; Cultural Criminology; Cognitive Sociology; Social, Political & Legal Theory; Sociology of Artificial Intelligence
- M.Phil., The Graduate Center, The City University of New York, Sociology
- M.S., Northeastern University, Criminal Justice
- B.S., Northeastern University, Sociology
- This is an introductory and foundational course in the study of crime and justice. It is designed to introduce students to the various historical and contemporary theories and empirical research used to understand deviant and criminal behavior. This course takes a critical approach to the study of the definition and measurement of crime, as well as applications of these theories to practice and in policy. Offending and victimization, as these relate to specific crime types (i.e., white collar crime, violent crime, sex crime, drug related crimes, etc.) will be explored. Prerequisite: SOC 100
- This course provides a historical overview of the relationship of the states of the Bill of Rights, and how the Supreme Court has interpreted the powers of the federal government. The effect of the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment on the application of the Bill of Rights to the states is examined through a study of the leading Supreme Court decisions related to criminal justice. Topics include characteristics and powers of the three branches of government, the principles governing the operation of the Bill of Rights, and the variables affecting the formulation of judicial policy. Prerequisite: POL 100
- This course is intended to broaden the studenta??s understanding of the origins and development of law enforcement agencies in the United States. Moreover, the course will examine the complex role of the police in a democratic society in the criminal justice system. An emphasis will be placed on recruitment, the training process and the importance of diversity, particularly among larger police departments in the U.S. The course will also examine contemporary legal issues and modern strategies such as community, evidence-based, intelligence-led and predictive policing. Prerequisite: CRJ 101
- This course studies the social world and how it has evolved over time, as well as how individuals are influenced and structured by social interactions in small groups and by larger social forces. The course covers major sociological theories and research methods, and key concepts such as culture, socialization, social class, race/ethnicity, gender, technology, social inequality, and social change.
- The evolution and behavior of human beings as cultural animals are the focus of this course. Students are introduced to the basic concepts and methods of the major divisions of anthropology: physical, social and cultural; archeology and linguistics. Emphasis is placed on preliterate societies to facilitate the study of the interrelation of various aspects of culture.
Research and Projects
Raphael examines the institutional aspects of cognition that factor into the development of standards for decision-making and their impact on intelligibility. By examining intelligibility and its connection to alienation, Raphael explores two related forms of inequality: stigma, a measure of social exclusion, and status, the extent to which one is perceived as respected and competent. This permits Raphael to target a number of substantive areas in which stigma and status processes are present (e.g., law, medicine, crime, and education). In doing so, this approach permits him to increase the generalizability of these sociological phenomena so we may understand what is different regarding the content, consequences, management, and foundations of alienation in everyday life.
More information is available at https://michaelwraphael.ws.gc.cuny.edu.
- “The Politics of Twilights: Notes on the Semiotics of Horizon Photography.” Visual Studies. 33(4):295-312. doi: 10.1080/1472586X.2019.1590157. (Lead Article)(pdf)
- “Cognitive Sociology.” Oxford Bibliographies Online in Sociology. doi: 10.1093/obo/9780199756384-0187. (pdf)