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There is evidence that online students have higher rates of course and college dropout than students who take courses face-to-face, yet it is not well understood which students are particularly at risk online.
Dr. Wladis surveyed online and face-to-face students from colleges across the German state of Bavaria and from the CUNY university system. Results suggest that grades are significant predictors of differential online versus face-to-face performance in both national contexts and that student parents may be particularly vulnerable to poor online course outcomes when they have insufficient support. In the U.S., native-born students were also vulnerable online.